Step 3 코스

 

BTECPREP 3: 입문 작문 양식

01: 질문 분석

Argumentative Essay (agreement vs. disagreement) 논술 작문 (찬성 vs. 반대)

  • States the writer’s opinion at the beginning and at the end in the essay.

    (introduction paragraph and conclusion paragraph)

       [작가의 의견을 글의 시작 부분과 끝에 명시한다. (도입 단락 및 결론 단락)]

  • Do not express the writer’s opinion in body paragraph

      [본문 단락에서 작가의 의견을 표현하지 않는다.]

  • Support with evidences

       [증거로 뒷받침하다.]

 

Discussion Essay 토론 작문

  • Analyze the opinions of others’ point of views

     [타인의 관점에 대한 의견 분석]

  • Analyze both views; why I believe each statement

     [두 가지 관점을 모두 분석한다: 내가 각 진술을 믿는 이유]

  • Express the writer’s opinion at the end in the essay (conclusion paragraph)

     [글의 마지막에 작가의 의견을 표현한다(결론 단락)]

  • Do not express the writer’s opinion in body paragraph

     [본문 단락에서 작가의 의견을 표현하지 않는다.]

  • The aim of the discussion essay is making readers understand each point of view

       [토론 글의 목적은 독자들이 각각의 관점을 이해하도록 하는 것이다.]

 

02: 개인 경험

How to respond when asked for: [요청 시 대응 방법:]

  • Personal examples [개인 사례]

  • Personal experiences [개인 경험]

 

To sound academic: [학문적으로 들리려면:]

  • Avoid using I, you, we, our, your  [I, you, we, our, your를 사용하지 마라]

It is argued that …

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03: 정의 작문

In prosperity our friends know us; in adversity we know our friends.

Write an essay outlining how you define ‘friendship’.

 

Prosperity refers to positive time of growth (period of time that things go well)

Adversity refers to negative time

 

In prosperity we have lots of friends around.

However, in adversity, we know who truly friends are in life.

 

  • Only minimum background is linked to the specific topic.

      [최소한의 배경만 특정 주제에 연결된다.]

  • You only do represent your personal define ‘friendship’ and do not need to talk about background phrase.

       [당신은 단지 당신의 개인적인 정의인 '우정'을 대표할 뿐이고 배경 문구에 대해서는 말할 필요가 없다.]

  • So do not start with ‘today…’.

        [그러니 '오늘…'로 시작하지 마라.]

  • Do not reintroduce the entire background phrase written in the statement.

        [문장에 쓰여진 전체 배경 문구를 다시 넣지 마라.]

 

04: 주제 개발 방법

Introduction Paragraph [소개 단락]

● Background (General Information) [배경(일반정보)]

● Detailed background [상세배경]

● Thesis [논지]

● Outline (where you bring up two POVs

     [개요(POV 2개를 가져오는 위치)]

 

Conclusion Paragraph [결론 단락]

● Summary & Your Opinion [요약  및 의견]

● Prediction and Recommendation [예측 및 추천]

 

Supporting Paragraph [지원 단락]

 

● Topic [주제]

● Example (broad >> narrow) [예 (넓음 >> 좁음)]

● Discussion [토론]

● Conclusion [결론]

    (links between topic and thesis) [(주제와 논문 사이의 연결)]

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Poor Topic Development

 

People in modern society are not very healthy because they are very busy with work. In addition, they have to look after their families. Furthermore, people nowadays can easily stop and eat fast food which is unhealthy.

 

 

Good Topic Development

 

There are two fundamental reasons why so many people in our modern society are unhealthy. The first one is that people have little time to cook healthy meals because of their busy work schedules. My wife and I for instance work from 9-5 and do not get home on weekdays until 6 pm. As a result, we find it easier to just pick up some fast food on our way home which obviously is not a healthy habit. Another factor to consider is …

 

05: 원인과 결과 에세이

As most people spend a major part of their adult life at work, job satisfaction is an important element of individual wellbeing.

[대부분의 사람들이 성인 생활의 대부분을 직장에서 보내므로, 직업 만족도는 개인의 행복의 중요한 요소다.]

 

What factors contribute to job satisfaction?

[어떤 요소가 직업 만족에 기여하는가?]
How realistic is the expectation of job satisfaction for all workers?

[모든 근로자의 직업 만족도에 대한 기대는 얼마나 현실적일까?]

 

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

[답에 대한 이유를 제시하고 자신의 지식이나 경험에 근거한 모든 관련 예를 포함하십시오.]

 

Nowadays many adults have full-time jobs and the proportion of their lives spent doing such jobs is very high. So feelings about one’s job must reflect how an individual feels about his or her life as a whole, and because of this, job satisfaction is indeed very important for the wellbeing of that person.

 

06: 문제 및 해결 방법

People can no longer expect to have a job for life. What should individuals and governments do to prepare the current and future generations for different working conditions?

[사람들은 더 이상 평생 직업을 기대할 수 없다. 개인과 정부는 현재와 미래를 서로 다른 근로 조건에 대비하기 위해 무엇을 해야 하는가?]

 

Due to technological developments, the job market is constantly changing and job security is more difficult to find. To adapt to these changes, individuals need to improve their computer and language skills, and governments should invest in basic education and training programmes. In this essay, these suggestions will be discussed.

 

07: 제출 작문(안락사)

What Should Be Done

 

The applied moral issue of euthanasia, or mercy k8lling, concerns whether it is morally acceptable for a third party, such as a physician, to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain. (I will go further into the facts of this in my paper.)

 

The positive side of Euthanasia is that it ends a person’s suffering in this world. Many physicians and psychiatrists believe that it may a humane act. From a virtue ethics point of view, it may by appropriate. What we seek in human existence is to be happy, and find happiness. Suffering from a terminal illness, or affliction, could inhibit one’s happiness in life. If the goal is to be happy, then euthanasia would be an answer for this person. Euthanasia may even bring about happiness in that it is what th3e person desires and wants, in order to no longer to be a burden to his/her family. Also, euthanasia would stop the pain and not prolong the dying process.

 

  • How can you tell the positive side of mercy killing based on an ethics point of view?

        [윤리적인 관점에서 어떻게 안락사의 긍정적인 면을 알 수 있는가?]

  • How can you define “happiness”?

        [“행복”을 어떻게 정의할 수 있는가?]

  • Do you agree with the passage? If not, why? (you will be able to find a weak point from the passage)

        [이 글에 동의하십니까? 그렇지 않다면 왜? (문구에서 약점을 찾을 수 있을 것이다]

 

BTECPREP 3: IELTS 샘플 연습 에세이

Participating in sports is important for our physical health as well as spiritual health and social development.

Do you agree? How do people keep fit in your country?

[스포츠에 참여하는 것은 우리의 신체 건강 뿐만 아니라 정신적인 건강과 사회 발전을 위해서도 중요하다.

동의하십니까? 당신의 나라 사람들은 어떻게 건강을 유지하는가?]

SAMPLE ANSWER

Sports are played all over the world, in all societies, and are not only important for staying healthy but for developing teamwork and communication skills. They are also undoubtedly important for one's mental and spiritual health as they can provide a release from the stresses and strains of work. I will first look at some of the benefits and possible negative effects of playing sports and then I will discuss some of the variety of ways people keep fit in my country.


Firstly, participating in sports is recognised by all as an important facet of a healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise helps to burn excess fat, keeping the heart healthy and the muscles in good shape. With so many people leading unhealthy lives these days and becoming overweight, participation in sports is more important than ever. People who are healthy and fit are far more likely to be satisfied with themselves 'self-satisfied' means snug/arrogant and happy about their bodies than those who are not.

02. As technological innovation brings about rapid changes and retraining becomes a lifelong necessity, industry should take a more active role in our education. What is your opinion?
      [기술혁신이 급격한 변화를 가져오고 재교육이 평생의 필수품이 되는 만큼, 산업은 우리 교육에 보다 적극적인 역할을 해야 한다. 당신의 의견은 어떻는가?]

03. Business education and training today must promote environmental awareness. Do you agree or disagree?
      [오늘날의 비즈니스 교육과 훈련은 반드시 환경인식을 고취해야 한다. 당신은 동의하는가, 동의하지 않는가?]

04. Children need their parent’s care, while at the same time the parents must pursue their own careers. Some think the father or mother should take the responsibility to take care of the children in
     the home. What do you think about it?
     [자녀들은 부모의 보살핌이 필요한 반면, 동시에 부모는 자신의 진로를 추구해야 한다. 어떤 사람들은 아버지나 어머니가 가정에서 아이들을 돌볼 책임을 져야 한다고 생각한다.
      그것에 대해 어떻게 생각하는가?]

 

05. Children spend a lot of time playing computer games. Many parents point out that computer games have little educational value, so children should be prevented from playing computer games.
      Do you agree or disagree with such an opinion?
      [어린이들은 컴퓨터 게임을 하는데 많은 시간을 보낸다. 많은 부모들은 컴퓨터 게임이 교육적 가치가 거의 없어서 아이들이 컴퓨터 게임을 하는 것을 막아야 한다고 지적한다.
        당신은 그러한 의견에 동의하는가 아니면 동의하지 않는가?]

 

06. Children’s leisure activities must be educational otherwise they are a complete waste of time. Do you agree or disagree?
      [어린이들의 여가 활동은 교육적이어야 하며 그렇지 않으면 완전한 시간 낭비다. 당신은 동의하는가, 동의하지 않는가?]

 

07. Fast food is becoming more and more popular. It is replacing traditional food. Some people think this is good as it provides people with more choices. However, others disagree with this.
     What is your opinion about it? Give reason for your opinion.
     [패스트 푸드가 점점 인기를 끌고 있다. 그것은 전통적인 음식을 대체하고 있다. 어떤 사람들은 이것이 사람들에게 더 많은 선택권을 주기 때문에 좋다고 생각한다.
       그러나 다른 이들은 이에 동의하지 않는다. 그것에 대한 너의 의견은 어떻는가? 당신의 의견에 대한 이유를 제시하십시오.]

 

08.‘Fatherhood ought to be emphasized just as much as motherhood. The idea that women are solely responsible for deciding whether or not to have babies leads on to the idea that they are also
      solely responsible for bringing children up.’ To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
      ['아버지는 모성만큼이나 강조되어야 한다. 여성이 아기를 가질지 여부를 결정하는 데 전적으로 책임이 있다는 생각은 그들이 또한 아이들을 양육하는 데 전적으로 책임이 있다는
        생각을 갖게 한다. 당신은 어느 정도까지 이 진술에 동의하는가 아니면 동의하지 않는가?]

 

09. In 1999, in England, a robbing / stealing was killed while robbing / stealing from a house when the owner of the house shot and killed him in self-defence. However, the police arrested the
      owner of the house and jailed him for murder. What would happen in your country? And what is your opinion?
      [1999년 영국에서는 집주인이 자기 방어하기 위해 총을 쏴 살해하는 사건이 발생하여 집을 털거나 훔치다가 강탈/도둑이 살해되었다. 그러나 경찰은 이 집 주인을 체포해
       살인죄로 투옥했다. 당신 나라에서는 무슨 일이 일어날까? 그리고 너의 의견은 무엇인가?]

 

10. Is it wrong that our government is paying more and more money to artists for projects; )for instance, there are increasing numbers of paintings and sculptures appearing in public places)
      because there are more important things to do with public money. What is your opinion? Do you agree or disagree with this?
      [우리 정부가 프로젝트를 위해 예술가들에게 점점 더 많은 돈을 지불하는 것이 잘못인가? 예를 들어 공공 장소에 등장하는 회화와 조각품의 수가 증가하고 있다. 당신의 의견은
       어떻는가? 이것에 동의하는가, 동의하지 않는가?]

 

11. Increasing car use is a problem for society. How can this problem be tackled?
      [자동차 사용의 증가는 사회의 문제다. 어떻게 이 문제를 해결할 수 있을까?]

 

12. It is generally accepted that families are not as close as they used to be. Give some reasons why this change has happened and suggest how families could be brought closer together.
      [가족이 예전처럼 친하지 않다는 것은 일반적으로 받아들여진다. 이 변화가 왜 일어났는지 몇 가지 이유를 제시하고 가족들이 어떻게 더 가깝게 모일 수 있는지를 제시하십시오.]

 

13. Nuclear weapons threaten world peace, but however, nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. What is your opinion?
      [핵무기는 세계 평화를 위협하지만 원자력은 값싸고 깨끗한 에너지를 제공한다. 핵기술의 이득이 단점을 훨씬 능가한다. 당신의 의견은 어떻는가?]

 

14. Participating in short is as important for psychological health as it is for mental well-being and social development.
      [단순히 참여하는 것은 정신건강과 사회발전을 위해서도 중요한 일이다.]

 

15. Participating in sports is important for our physical health as well as spiritual health and social development. Do you agree? How do people keep fit in your country?
      [스포츠에 참여하는 것은 영적인 건강과 사회발전을 위해서 뿐만 아니라 우리의 육체적 건강에도 중요하다. 동의하는가? 당신 나라 사람들은 어떻게 건강을 유지하는가?]

 

BTECPREP 3: 4.5 작문 형식 에세이

Introduction

[Argument Essay]

: The question of asking for opinions.

Fully agree/write completely opposite or write neutrally. (It is advantageous to write down your ideas.)

 

-What is your opinion? -당신의 의견은 어떻는가?

-To what extent do you agree? 어느 정도 동의하는가?

-Do you agree or disagree with this statement? 이 진술에 동의 또는 동의하지 않는가?

 

[Sequence of making an introduction]

1- Fact Statement: Write down general facts, including keywords.

2- Question Paraphrase Statement: Change the part and write it down.

3- Thesis Statement: A pretext to move naturally to the Supporting Paragraph

              Introducing Essay's viewpoint of development

 

BTECPREP 3: 5.5 작문 형식 에세이

Introduction

[Argument Essay]

: The question of asking for opinions.

Fully agree/write completely opposite or write neutrally. (It is advantageous to write down your ideas.)

 

-What is your opinion? -당신의 의견은 어떻는가?

-To what extent do you agree? 어느 정도 동의하는가?

-Do you agree or disagree with this statement? 이 진술에 동의 또는 동의하지 않는가?

 

[Sequence of making an introduction]

1- Fact Statement: Write down general facts, including keywords.

2- Question Paraphrase Statement: Change the part and write it down.

3- Thesis Statement: A pretext to move naturally to the Supporting Paragraph

              Introducing Essay's viewpoint of development

 

BTECPREP 3: 6.0 작문 형식 에세이

Introduction

[Argument Essay]

: The question of asking for opinions.

Fully agree/write completely opposite or write neutrally. (It is advantageous to write down your ideas.)

 

-What is your opinion? -당신의 의견은 어떻는가?

-To what extent do you agree? 어느 정도 동의하는가?

-Do you agree or disagree with this statement? 이 진술에 동의 또는 동의하지 않는가?

 

[Sequence of making an introduction]

1- Fact Statement: Write down general facts, including keywords.

2- Question Paraphrase Statement: Change the part and write it down.

3- Thesis Statement: A pretext to move naturally to the Supporting Paragraph

              Introducing Essay's viewpoint of development